May 5, 2021 in Therapy
‘What are the differences between psychiatry, psychology, psychotherapy and counselling?’
'The differences between, psychiatry, psychology, psychotherapy and counselling’ A question I am often asked by clients.
How do I fix a marriage after cheating??
My husband of 5 years has cheated on me. I'm heartbroken. Can I fix our marriage?? Is there hope for us?? Will things get better? Please help
We both have insecurities and trust issues due to past relationships... So, there's the back and forth accusations, yelling, name calling, etc. We are both extremely jealous and have no communication skills. We love each other but sometimes Love isn't enough to make someone understand that you aren't going to hurt them. How can we help each other overcome these issues?
Am I over reacting? Am I the one in the wrong no him
Ok I've been with my boyfriend for 3 years now and he denied cheating on me but everything points to the opposite he's gone to spend the night with his baby moma and her kids in a hotel he rated me put to her when I called the cops on her for her vandalizing my car he would defend her when I would bring thing up about her and he has a video of her playing with her self am I wrong for being mad?
Idk what to do
My boyfriend and I have been fighting because he found some old messages that I had when we started going out, the messages are not bad the conversations where just like hi and bye kind of thing but because I told him I wasn't talking to anyone he's mad but da whole time he was still hanging out with his baby momma behind my back and he would delete all his messages to her so I wouldn't see them
Lost and confused at a crossroads
My boyfriend and I have been together for seven years now. We have had a very tumultuous relationship both of us have hurt each other very much on each parts. But he’s done a lot more wrong it has no accountability. But my question is how do you handle it because anytime I try to talk to him about anything he automatically yells at me, deflects, accuse me of cheating. How do you go about handling
How can I get my teen to confide in me
I've been trying to get my son to confide in me about why he is feeling so depressed. He is 15 years old and a very good teen but have no idea why he is so withdrawn and quiet. Please help me I cant bear to see him like this
What do I do?
I'm not sure what to do. Recently separated mom with 2 young girls and pregnant with my 3rd.
I took my son's Ipad away because I'm at my wit's end with him.
He is so addicted and doesn’t want to do anything else. Can anyone tell me whether I did the right thing or am I being too harsh?
It's 3 y I divorced and we have shared custody of 2 lovely kids. Any advice on how to make them understand that divorced parents is ok?
What should I do?
My son is acting out in school and giving people the middle finger and running around and hitting when he is restrained and he also has speech apraxia and may have ADHD
Often, I am always asked the same question, ‘What are the differences between psychology, psychiatry, psychotherapy and counselling?’
Very good question!
For people who are not in the field, most are quite confused when it comes to differentiating between a psychiatrist, a psychologist, a psychotherapist and a counsellor. Therefore, here is a brief and I hope concise explanation.
There are significant differences between psychiatry, psychology, psychotherapy and counselling roles and they tend to deal with different types of problems, although there is considerable overlap in their work, below is a brief description of each of their careers.
What is psychiatry?
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Psychiatrists are medical doctors who specialise in psychiatry and most postgraduate studies take four years to complete. Psychiatrists are the only professionals who can prescribe medication for clients/patients. They often combine a broad general caseload alongside an area of special expertise and research. Here, clients are called ‘Patients’.
What is psychology?
Psychology is the study of people: how they think, how they act, react and interact. Psychology is concerned with all aspects of behaviour and the thoughts, feelings and motivation underlying such behaviour.
Psychology is a discipline that is firstly concerned with the normal functioning of the mind and has explored areas such as learning, remembering and the normal psychological development of children. Psychology is one of the fastest growing university subjects and is becoming more and more available in schools and colleges.
Psychologists deal in the way the mind works and motivation, and can specialise in various areas such as mental health work and educational and occupational psychology. It is useful to remember that psychologists are not usually medically qualified and only a small proportion of people studying psychology degrees will go on to work with clients and or patients.
Here are some of the sub-fields within the field of psychology.
- Educational psychologist.
- Behavioural psychologist.
- Industrial and organisational psychologist.
- Clinical psychologist (these professions work within mental health).
- Occupational health psychologist.
- Criminal psychologist.
- Social psychologist.
- Sport psychologist.
What is psychotherapy?
Psychotherapy is conducted in several different ways, for example, individual, group, couple and family psychotherapy. They are all ways of helping people to overcome stress, emotional problems, relationship problems or troublesome habits.
There are many different approaches in psychotherapy; these are "talking therapies" which include;
- Cognitive Behavioural therapy(CBT).
- Psychoanalytic therapy.
- Psychodynamic therapy.
- Systemic and family psychotherapy.
- Arts therapy.
- Play therapy.
- Humanistic psychotherapy.
- Interpersonal psychotherapy.
- Rational Emotive Behaviour therapy (REBT).
- Integrative psychotherapy.
- Eclectic psychotherapy.
- Gestalt psychotherapy.
A psychotherapist may be a psychiatrist, psychologist or a counsellor, who has had further specialist training in psychotherapy. Increasingly, there are a number of psychotherapists who do not have any background in the above fields but, who have undertaken in-depth training in some of these fields. Most psychotherapists have several post-graduate diplomas or degrees such as a master’s degree.
However, they are now courses in the United Kingdom where psychotherapists can pursue an academic career where they can study for a specialist doctorate in Psychotherapy (PsyD).
To train to become a psychotherapist, most educational establishments will not take on students who are younger than twenty-eight. The premise is that students must have some life experiences to be able to practise as a therapist. So in theory, the older you are, the more life experiences you should have.
What is counselling?
Counselling and psychotherapy are interchangeable however, the term counselling is normally referred to short-term goal setting therapy, whereas, psychotherapy is normally referred for long-term therapy.
Most counsellors work in schools, colleges and universities,
In addition, some counsellors work for large organisations in their occupational health departments where they offer in-house counselling to employees.
Most of the work is short term and solution focussed.